Making mirrored image

We also see fancy cosmetics commercials like this:

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Using photoshop makes the product looks more presentable, and you may find the trick is very useful in photo-processing. Wonder it is done? Here is the simple tutorial:

First, we need to set up the background, click ‘File –> New’, in the window popped up, entry the data

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Note the entry could be different depends on what size and background color you want, for the example above, we get a image like this:

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Open the target image, select ‘Magic Wand Tool’Image, click at the background , press ‘CTRL+SHIFT+I’ to select the counterpart

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Drag the selected image to the background image

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Use the same method to get the bottle image

 

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Now we want to make the mirrored images, selected ‘Layer 1’ and ‘Layer 2’ and duplicate them, and we get ‘Layer 1 copy’ and ‘Layer 2 copy’

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Select these 2 copies of layers and press ‘CTRL + T’ to transform them,  right click on the image and select ‘Flip Vertical’, we get the image like this

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Adjust the opacity of this two copies of layer to 40%

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and we get the result image, YEAH~

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Fixing black and white drawings in Photoshop

Hey guys, here’s a quick tutorial on how I personally fix my drawings using photoshop. I hate that my portraits look real nice and crisp in real life, but once they get scanned, it’s like all the black got sucked out of them and I’m left with a greyed out mess that doesn’t look nearly as nice as the original. Luckily, you can use photoshop to tweak some things and make your drawings look more like you want them.

For this tutorial, I’m going to use this portrait I did of my friend Jon. 

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As you can see, the scanner did a weird job of the proportions, and the colors look off and patchy. What I first did was use the Rectangular Marquee Tool and made a selection of the part of the drawing I wanted to keep and pasted it into a new window (that way I got rid of the white margin that came out from the scanner going over the page). Next, I used the Free Transform option to rescale the image so it wasn’t so stretched out.

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Much better in terms of proportions! Next, let’s try to fix the color. In the original, the background was pitch black, but some of the color lifted in the scan. Next thing is to duplicate the layer (right click the current layer tab and select Duplicate layer). This way we can make adjustments and go back to the original if we don’t like it.

For black and white drawings, I like to go to Image> Adjustments> Black and White. This way when we mess around with the levels and curves we don’t get a weird green cast. But this still doesn’t bring the black back into the drawing.To bring it back, we can use the nifty Levels options. 

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Dragging the arrows around allows you to lighten and darker the tones of your pictures. I like to drag the left most one quite a bit in, which effectively darkens the background and shadows that otherwise wouldn’t be showing. 

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After tweaking the arrows for a while, this was my end result. More techniques could be used, like using the Burn tool to further darken some areas to make them blend better, like the shadows in the hair. But for now, this will do. 

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The finished product.

I hope you learned something new and hopefully this will be useful for you when you’re trying to fix your scans!

Using Levels to manipulate an Image Histogram in Photoshop

In this tutorial, I will go over how to use the Levels pane in Photoshop to manipulate an Image Histogram. If you aren’t really sure what an image histogram is or what it tells you, refer to my previous blog post!

WATCH THE FIRST TUTORIAL HERE: Black point and   White point Sliders
This tutorial (about 4:30 min) will explain what happens to the image histogram and the darkness or lightness of an image when you adjust black or white point sliders, and a neat trick on how you can catch any clipping that occurs!

WATCH THE SECOND TUTORIAL HERE: Midtone sliders and Posterization
This tutorial (about 4:45 min) will explain what happens to the image histogram and the darkness or lightness of an image when you adjust the midtone slider, and includes a warning about posterization and a few tips on how to avoid it from happening to your image!

Enjoy 🙂

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To get to Levels, go to the top navigation bar and select Image > Adjustments > Levels
(or Command L on a mac / Ctrl L on a PC)
The Levels tool has 3 sliders: black point, midtone, and white point.
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Before you move the sliders, the histogram represents Input Levels.
Once you move the sliders around, you’re mapping the current Input Levels to new Output Levels.

Image/face swaps

Honestly my most favorite thing to do in Photoshop is mess around with my friends and put their faces onto different bodies. Today, we’re going to put my friend Steven’s face onto Marilyn Monroe’s body. Why? Truly the real question would be Why not. 

Here’s the images we’ll be working with:

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Steven looking marvelous. Dashing.

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This image of Marilyn in the iconic pose.

First thing you’ll want to do is open both images in Photoshop. Keep in mind that this is just how I do it, but you can mess around with the tools and adjustments to your liking until you find something that works for you. 

I like to use the Lasso tool to make a rough selection around Steven’s face

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Then you’ll want to copy and paste your selection into the window containing your stock photo of Marilyn. I like to hold down CTRL+C (command+C on Mac) and then CTRL+V to paste it. You’ll want to right click the selection in the new window and select Free Transform. That way, you can easily move and adjust the selection.

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Position the head roughly proportional to the body for now. We’ll get into detailed work soon. Now, you can put the previous tutorial on Layer Masks to work. Having your head layer selected, click on the Layer Mask button Image

 

Making sure you have the Layer mask thumbnail selected, go ahead and paint in black what you want to hide of the selection, so it’s not as rough, but without deleting the pixels in case you mess up and need to go back easily. When you’re happy with the way it looks, it’s time to get to better arranging the head on the body. I like to decrease the opacity of the head layer until I can see what the real head looks like underneath, but I can still see details of the new one. 

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This is the most terrifying thing I’ve ever seen. Better get to fixing it quickly. Using the Free Transform option I was talking about earlier, it’s time to resize the head so it’s not five times the size it should be. make sure you have your proportions locked.Image

 

If you right click your selection after hitting Free Transform, you will get multiple options of adjusting your layer. Use Rotate and Scale in order to better fit the photo. If you’re feeling brave, use the other options such as Distort or Warp to better suit your needs. 

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When you’re happy with how the head is positioned and you’re done laughing, time to clean around the edges. In my example, you can see that Steven’s hair is much darker than Marilyn’s, and I prefer his better. So what I’m going to do is color over Marilyn’s hair in the color of the background to hide it. After that what I like to do is see what Photoshop can do for me in terms of color matching. 

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After messing around with those settings, and also going into Levels a little bit, I ended up with my final result, which by no means is perfect, but it makes for a good gag photo to laugh at. 

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I hope you had fun learning how to mess around in Photoshop some more! There’s many other things you can do to make this better, but for the sake of keeping this tutorial short, I’ve kept it pretty basic. Enjoy!

Change background of a photo

 

Changing background of a photo is an easy, fun trick of photoshop. Using Lasso Tool to extract necessary part of image is one basic skill of photoshop and it is extremely helpful in photo processing.

Suppose we have two separate pictures:

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and this is how it looks in the end:

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Wondering how it is done? Below is the detailed tutorial, the tools involved may come in handy in basic photoshop manipulating

First, open the two individual pictures in PS

Then select ‘Polygonal Lasso Tool‘ on the left side tool bar.(Note Polygonal Lasso Tool is in the sub menu of ‘Lasso Tool’)

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Extract the image by clicking consecutively along the human figure, you may want to be as precise as possible, as following

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Move the selected image to the background picture, and scale it proportionately

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Enlarge the pictures, notice the little area, obviously we need to get rid of that.

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Again, use Polygonal Lasso Tool to get the area and press ‘DELETE’ , the selected area will disappear and reveal the background

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Press ‘CTRL+D’ to cancel selection, and then ‘CTRL+0’ to restore the original image size

Now, TAH-DAH~ You are done! Simple, right?

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Image Histograms: What are they, and why are they important for digital images?

IMAGE HISTOGRAMS

Image histograms are ubiquitous to digital images. You’ve probably seen them on your camera or any photo editing software. In this tutorial, I will be showing screen shots of image histograms from Adobe Photoshop

How do I find the image histogram in Photoshop?
To find the histogram that shows the various RGB colors, go to Window (top navigation bar) > Histogram
To find the histogram that shows the various brightness values of the colors, go to Image>Adjustments>Levels
**I will do a tutorial following this one that describes how to use Levels**

Basics:

What is an image histogram?

Every color in a digital image has a brightness value ranging from 0 (black) to 255 (white).
An image histogram is a histogram of brightness values of every pixel in an image

Tones and Tonal Ranges

The tonal range is the region of the histogram were most of the brightness values are present.

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This is a standard histogram of brightness values
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This is a color histogram

What can an image histogram tell you about your image?

Lighting: is my image High Key or Low Key?

High Key Image: an image in which most of the tones are in highlights

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Notice how most of the pixels are found in the highlight region of the histogram
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Low Key Image: an image in which most of the tones are in shadowsImage
Notice how the pixels are mostly found in the shade region of the histograms
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Overexposure of image: is my image overexposed?

An overexposed, aka clipped, image may have regions that are overexposed to the point that they are solid white and no detail can be seen.
Notice how the top left corner of this image is clipped.

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This image’s histogram will show that the brightness values for some pixels are pushed to the very edge of the chart:
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Breadth of Tonal Range: How many tones are in my image?

An image that has a broad tonal range will have a high pixel count on the far left and far right side of the histogram.

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An image that has a narrow tonal range will have a high pixel count in one region.

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Most of the colors in the picture are a light yellow or pink.. this is why the histograms have only 2 main peaks.
Notice that this picture also has high-key lighting
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Amount of contrast in image: How much contrast is in my image?

A histogram with a broad distribution of brightness values also tells you that there is high contrast in the image.

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On the other hand, a histogram with a narrow distribution of brightness values also tells you that there is low contrast in the image.
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Notice that this image also has low-key lighting.
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I hope this tutorial was useful to you!
Now that you have knowledge of how to read an image histogram,

learn how to manipulate the histogram by using Levels in my next tutorial!

Photoshop Healing tools

Have you ever taken a really nice picture, only to discover in post processing that there were some dust specks on the lens? Or maybe there’s a whole object you’d like to be somewhere else. Whatever your issue, the quickest way of fixing is probably the Healing tool, instead of manually doing it with the brush tools. 

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Take this picture for example. Beautiful sky. Real nice. But, there’s some grey-ish specks all over the place. And a creepy looking Spongebob smiley face. 

In Photoshop, on the left vertical tool box menu, you will see a symbol of a bandaid. If you click the bandaid, a menu box will appear, with your options: the spot healing tool, the healing brush, the patch tool, the content aware move tool, and the red eye tool. In this tutorial I will be showing you how to use the Spot healing brush tool and the Content aware move tool. The latter is a new option for CS6 and it’s totally cool. 

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Using the Spot Healing Brush Tool is very easy. All you do is select the tool, and paint over the area you want to fix. Make sure the brush size is a little larger than the area you want to fix, but not too much. 

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Repeat this step for all the spots you have in your picture!

Content aware move tool comes in handy when you have something that you really want to be situated somewhere else in the photo. This is best achieved if the object you’re moving can suffer a bit of distortion (which tends to happen with the Content aware move tool.) and if you’re moving it to a similar background. 

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Let’s look at creepy Spongebob again. To move him around, all you have to do is select the Content aware move tool and start drawing your selection around him. As with the spot healing tool, make sure to leave yourself a little bit of a margin for easier blending. 

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Click it and drag it to wherever you want it to be positioned now.

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As you can see, the blending isn’t totally perfect and there’s distortion on the object. You can further fix the blending with the spot healing tool if you want. Again, this move tool is best used for things that can handle a bit of distortion. However, it’s a pretty neat tool to have when you think about the fact that before you had to use a whole lot of tools to get a similar result. Now it’s as easy as draw, drag and voila!

I hope you learned a new thing today and have fun using the Healing tools!